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The NFS-Server service Tab

This tab allows you to install and uninstall NFS-Server as MS service. Also, you can make settings and control NFS-Server as MS service on your system.

Services overview

A service is an application type that runs in the background and is similar to UNIX daemon applications. Service applications typically provide features such as client/server applications, Web servers, database servers, and other server-based applications to users, both locally and across the network.

You can use Services to:

  • Start, stop, pause, resume, or disable services on remote and local computers (including remote computers running Windows NT 4.0.). You must have the appropriate permissions to start, stop, pause, restart, and disable services.
  • Manage services on local and remote computers (on remote computers running Windows XP, Windows 2000, or Windows NT 4.0 only).
  • Create custom names and descriptions for services so that you can easily identify them (on computers running Windows XP or Windows 2000 only).
  • Configure startup options for MS services.
  • Set up recovery actions to take place if a service fails, for example, restarting the service automatically or restarting the computer (on computers running Windows XP or Windows 2000 only).
  • Enable or disable services for a particular hardware profile.
  • View the status and description of each service.

Services permissions

Each service has special permissions that you can grant or deny for each user or group. You can set permissions for individual services by using Security Templates.

According to MS Windows Help Manual, Services must log on to an account in order to access resources and objects on the operating system. Some services are configured by default to log on to the Local System account, which is a powerful account that has full access to the system. If a service logs on to the Local System account on a domain controller, that service has access to the entire domain. Other services are configured to log on to LocalService or NetworkService accounts, which are special built-in accounts that are similar to authenticated user accounts. These accounts have the same level of access to resources and objects as members of the Users groups. This limited access helps safeguard your system if individual services or processes are compromised.

Services running as the LocalService account access network resources as a null session with no credentials. Services running as the NetworkService account access network resources using the credentials of the machine account.


Installing the NFS-Server Service

Click Install to install NFS-Server Service and to add the service to the Services list on your system.

The service name of NFS-Server Service is XWP NFS server.

When started, NFS-Server will be listening on port 2049 (default) for NFS clients' requests.

To configure how NFS server is started (Automatic or Manual), you should choose the Startup type and then press Set.

You should test that you have configured NFS-Server Service to operate successfully in the Normal mode before attempting to run it as a MS Windows Service. (Refer to section Using NFS-Server.)


Uninstalling the NFS-Server Service

You can remove NFS-Server from the Services list on your system by pressing Uninstall in the NFS-Server Service tab.

Click Yes to confirm removing NFS-Server from the Services list on your system. You need not restart your PC.

Note that NFS-Server correctly stops and disconnects active NFS clients, and closes the port used for communications on your computer when uninstalling NFS-Server.


Using the NFS-Server service

This section describes how to start and use NFS-Server as a standard MS Windows service. The advantage of services is that they can be started at boot time independently of any logon session, and will continue to run as users log on and off of the machine.

The functionality and settings of the NFS-Server service are just the same as of NFS-Server itself. Additionally, you can control the behavior of NFS-Server as a MS Windows service.


Configuring the NFS-Server Service

To configure how NFS-Server will communicate with NFS clients, you should press Run as Settings.

You specify settings just in the same manner as you configure NFS-Server. (See section Configuring NFS-Server in chapter Network File System Server (NFS-Server).) Additionally, you control NFS-Server Service as a MS Windows service with the Service status box.

Refresh

This button refreshes the status of the service.


The Properties Box

If you have a typical installation, many services are configured as Automatic (that is, they start automatically when the system starts or when the service is called for the first time). If a service is configured as Manual, you must start the service manually before it can be loaded by the operating system and made available for use. If a service is configured as Disabled, it cannot be started automatically or manually.

To configure how NFS-Server is started, you can choose the Startup type and press Set. Then you can manage the service session by pressing the Start/Stop and Pause/Resume buttons with watching the Service status.

To start, stop, pause, resume, or restart a service (as administrator), you can also open the Services window (clicking Start/Settings/Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services), right-click your service, and then click Start, Stop, Pause, Resume, or Restart.


The Windows Firewall Box

Windows Firewall monitors all aspects of the communications that are sent and received, and inspects the source and destination address of each message that it handles. In Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2), Windows Firewall is turned on by default for all Internet and network connections. If you choose to install and run another firewall, turn off Windows Firewall.

When Windows Firewall is On, it blocks all unsolicited requests to connect to your computer, except for requests to programs or services selected on the Exceptions tab. When your computer gets an unsolicited request, Windows Firewall blocks the connection. If you choose to unblock the connection, Windows Firewall creates an exception. You can add a service as an exception so that the firewall will allow client's information to reach your computer and the service (through open ports for it). For programs that open ports automatically as needed to connect to your computer, Windows Firewall must allow the program to open the correct port. For these programs to work correctly, they must be listed on the Exceptions tab in Windows Firewall.

You can add a new service to your network by installing the service software on one of your network computers and then adding the service definition so that Internet Connection Sharing (ICS), if enabled, will allow the service to be accessed from the Internet. The information that you must enter to add a service definition includes: the description of the service (a name that you can easily recognize), the name or IP address of the computer hosting the service, and the TCP or UDP port number for the service (the port number that external computers use to contact this service).

Add

This button adds the XWP NFS server definition (i.e., the description of the service) to the Exceptions tab in Windows Firewall to allow the service to be accessed from NFS clients' computers.

When you add or change settings for a service or program, you must choose whether to open the port to any computer or only to computers on your network. If you choose Any computer in the Advanced tab of Windows Firewall, anyone from the Internet or your network can connect to your computer. If you choose My network only, only computers on your local network can connect. If you prefer, you can click Custom, and then type a custom list of IP addresses and subnets that should be allowed access.

Delete

This button removes the XWP NFS server definition from the Exceptions tab in Windows Firewall.






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